The Fourth Phase of the Guangzhou Port Nansha Port Area Project
Located in the geographic and geometric center of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Nansha Port on Longxue Island on the west bank of Nansha District, Guangzhou City, is a pivotal node connecting the city clusters on both sides of the Pearl River Delta. Currently, the fourth phase of the Nansha Port Area project is building the first fully automated container terminal in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.
Facing the South China Sea to the south and Shenzhen to the east, the Nansha Port Area is located in the geographic geometric center of the Pearl River Delta. At the front of the container semi-trailer terminal of Nansha Sea Port, a single container is "ready to go". The operation of the sea and public transportation is an indispensable part of the Nansha port area's collection and distribution system. Compared with inland water transportation and railway transportation, the cost of sea and public transportation is relatively high, but it has considerable advantages in terms of timeliness. After the water transportation reaches the destination, it will be unloaded, and the timeliness is not as strong as that of road transportation.
The port area covers the entire Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration within a radius of 100 kilometers. At the same time, the port area is seamlessly connected with the three-dimensional transportation network such as railways, expressways and inland rivers. It has the unique advantages of river-sea combined transportation, sea-rail combined transportation, complete collection and distribution system, and multi-modal transportation. The combined transportation is efficient and convenient.
As an important branch of the multimodal transport system in Nansha Port Area, expressways have implemented practical measures in recent years to promote the economic development of Nansha Free Trade Zone and Nansha Port Area, reduce the logistics costs of entering and exiting enterprises, and improve the business environment in Guangzhou. They have been piloted before. On the basis of three-year (2017-2019) free passage of container semi-trailers, starting from 0:00 on January 1, 2020, on Nansha Port Expressway (Su Shiqing-Nansha Port section), through Xinlong Toll Station Freight vehicles of category 4 and above that are paid by ETC will be exempted from tolls for the road section for the whole day.
According to reports, the Nansha Port Area will complete a container throughput of 17.165 million TEUs in 2020, ranking first in the world's single port area, accounting for 73% of the total container handling capacity of the Guangzhou Port. In the past five years, the container throughput of Nansha Port Area has grown at an average annual rate of over 1 million TEUs, of which the volume of foreign trade containers has achieved double-digit growth on average. In the first quarter of 2021, the Nansha Port Area added 10 foreign trade liner routes. As of the end of March, the total number of foreign trade routes reached 130, making it an important hub port connecting Africa, the Mediterranean and Asia. The rapid development of Nansha Port Area benefited from its unique location advantages, as it is a major source of goods production near the Pearl River Delta. The western Pearl River region is a world-famous manufacturing industry cluster, which has formed advantageous industries such as household appliances, machinery equipment, semi-trailers, papermaking, lighting, metal material processing and products, ceramic building materials, textiles and clothing, electronic information, and household goods manufacturing.
At the same time, relying on a well-developed highway and waterway transportation network, the land and water distances from enterprises in the west of the Pearl River Delta to the Nansha Port Area are shorter than those to other surrounding ports. The comprehensive logistics costs for enterprises on the west coast of the Pearl River Delta to import and export through the Nansha Port Area At the very least, the Nansha Port Area has promoted the improvement of logistics efficiency of the entire supply chain by vigorously developing multimodal transportation such as container sea-rail combined transportation, sea-river combined transportation, and sea-public combined transportation. At present, more and more inland sources such as tobacco, coffee beans, chemical fertilizers in Yunnan, wood and furniture in Ganzhou in Jiangxi, auto parts, grain and ore in Hunan, cement and tires in Guizhou, have begun to pass from Nansha Port through the sea-rail combined transport route. District exit.
At present, the fourth phase of the Guangzhou Port Nansha Port Area Project is building the first fully automated container terminal in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. The terminal integrates the world’s new generation of advanced technologies such as Internet of Things perception, big data, cloud computing, and 5G, making it the world’s first Examples include the "single trolley automated quay crane, Beidou navigation unmanned smart truck, yard horizontal wharf layout, and port area automation" mode. A set of "Guangzhou Plan" for the construction and development of automated terminals. This technical solution has the basis for large-scale replication and promotion, and has high reference value for the automation transformation of old docks and the construction of new automated docks.
Looking forward to the future, Guangzhou Port will use its unique advantages in multimodal transport and transportation hubs to not only allow the technology and capital of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area to radiate to the mainland through Nansha Port, but also allow the resources and goods from the mainland to reach the world through Nansha and improve the international market. , Domestic transit capacity, to build an international shipping hub.