Introduction of Carrier Truck
Container carrier truck is a kind of transportation mode that loads goods of various kinds, shapes and sizes into special boxes of standard sizes before transportation so as to facilitate land-water air intermodal transportation. It can realize loading and unloading, transport mechanization and standardization. It is a major reform in traditional transport mode and an important component of transport modernization. Such special boxes are containers; the vehicles used to transport containers are container carrier trucks. Since the 1960s, container transportation has developed rapidly in many countries, and now it has become an important mode of transportation in international transportation.
Container transportation originated in Britain. As early as 1801, Dr. James Anderson of the United Kingdom proposed the idea of transporting goods in containers. In 1845, the British Railway used the way of exchanging carriages with each other and regarded carriages as containers, which made the idea of container transportation preliminarily applied. In the mid-19th century, in Lancashire, England, there was a kind of carrier with movable frame for transporting cotton yarn and cotton cloth, which was the embryonic form of container.
The formal use of containers to transport goods was in the early 20th century. In 1900, container transportation was first tried on British railways, and then spread to the United States (1917), Germany (1920), France (1928) and other European and American countries.
From the process of material circulation, in most cases, automobiles are always responsible for the initial and final transportation of materials. That is to say, the development of container transportation will certainly promote the development of automobile container transportation, otherwise the container transportation in the whole circulation field will be restricted.
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